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THE science OF COMBINING REINFORCEMENT and MATRIX COMPONENTS for SUPERIOR MECHANICAL PROPERTIES in COMPOSITE MATERIALS
The term composite material refers to any substance composed of two or more simple components.
This combination creates a product with mechanical properties that are superior to those of its individual elements.
A composite material is generally made of a reinforcement, ensuring rigidity and mechanical resistance, and a matrix that encloses and binds the reinforcement as well as giving shape to the final product.
Various composite materials are found in nature, for example wood, composed of lignin (reinforcement) and cellulose (matrix).
Many composites are used in construction, from bricks of mud and straw to reinforced concrete, which is a mixture of concrete (matrix) and steel bars (reinforcement).
ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS
The composite materials used by Carbonovus are of the latest generation, comprised of a thermoset polymer matrix (epoxy resin) and various reinforcements, in particular:
Characterized by good mechanical properties (tensile strength and tear resistance), a low modulus of elasticity, decent resistance to high temperatures and an interesting price/performance ratio.
Characterized by elevated torsional resistance, rigidity, and tensile and compressive strength. In addition it possesses the following properties: very low density, exceptional heat resistance in non-oxidizing atmospheres, a thermal expansion coefficient of zero, and insensitivity to humidity and corrosive agents.
Characterized by high tensile strength, low density, not overly high stiffness (medium elongation at break), good resistance to cutting, poor resistance to compression, and especially strong resistance to fatigue and impacts.
VERSATILE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
Typically, traditional construction materials made of metals exhibit isotropic properties, meaning that their physical properties remain uniform in all spatial directions. However, composite materials that are reinforced with fibers exhibit anisotropic properties, meaning that their properties vary based on the perpendicular, parallel, or angled axes of the fibers.
This characteristic makes it possible to modify the fiber orientation and lamination sequence to achieve optimal results in the final product.In addition, the use of composites offers a distinct advantage of incorporating a PVC foam core between two fiber laminates, resulting in an extremely lightweight and rigid "sandwich" panel.
This unique feature allows for greater versatility in the use of composite materials in various industries, including aerospace and automotive engineering, as well as in the construction of boats and wind turbine blades.
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